M Par S en Km H

M Par S en Km H

Major thoroughfare in Jakarta, Indonesia

Jalan M.H. Thamrin
Jalan Thamrin
Busway in Bundaran HI.jpg

Thamrin Route during Jakarta car complimentary day

Former name(due south) Djalan K.H. Thamrin
Owner Regime of Special Region of Jakarta
Maintained by Office of Public Works (Dinas Pekerjaan Umum) of Special Region of Jakarta
Length 2.four km (1.5 mi)
Location Central Jakarta
Nearest metro station Jakarta - MRT Jakarta North South Line Icon.svg
Dukuh Atas BNI, Bundaran How-do-you-do
South cease West Flood Culvert bridge
Major
junctions
Jl. Budi Kemuliaan-Jl. Medan Merdeka Selatan, Jl. Kebon Sirih, Jl. KH. Wahid Hasyim, Bundaran Howdy roundabout
North terminate Bank Republic of indonesia roundabout
Structure
Construction start 1949[1]
Completion 1953
Inauguration January 1951[ane]

Jalan Grand.H. Thamrin
or
Jalan Thamrin
(Thou.H. Thamrin Road
or
Thamrin Road) is a major thoroughfare in Jakarta, Indonesia. The road is located at the center of Jakarta, running from the north cease of Jalan Jenderal Sudirman at West Flood Canal at the south end to the roundabout near Arjuna Wijaya Statue Jakarta at the due north end. Developed in the 1950s, the road was a landmark of post-colonial Indonesia and continues to have a prominent importance in Djakarta.

Description

[edit]

Thamrin Road is classified as a secondary arterial road in Jakarta.

The route passes through 5 urban administrative villages:

  • Gambir, Gambir, Central Jakarta
  • Kebon Sirih, Menteng, Central Jakarta
  • Gondangdia, Menteng, Central Jakarta
  • Menteng, Menteng, Central Djakarta
  • Kebon Melati, Tanah Abang, Central Dki jakarta

Thamrin Road is closed to traffic every Sunday from 6:00 until 11:00 as part of Jakarta Car Free Days entrada.

History

[edit]

Before Thamrin Road

[edit]

The route that would go Thamrin Road first appear effectually late 1910s as a minor lane running from Koningsplein Due west (now Medan Merdeka Barat) to Kebon Sirih. This lane was known equally Gang Timboel.[1]
Prominent landmark near this pocket-sized lane was a 19th-century Armenian Church building for the Armenian community of Batavia.[ii]
The church has been demolished. The old location of the Armenian Church is the green within the complex of Banking company Indonesia.

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1950s Kebayoran Baru

[edit]

The development of the suburb Kebayoran in 1949 raised the need to link the suburb with the city centre of Jakarta, and thus work on a new “highway” began in the same yr. The northern half of this new highway received the name Jalan M.H. Thamrin by January 1951, afterwards Indonesian National Hero Mohammad Husni Thamrin.[i]
To avoid the occupation of the newly opened lands by illegal squatters – a major trouble at the time – the government sold these lands cheaply to those who committed to build on it inside 3 to six months. Despite this, fourth dimension extensions had to be granted considering buyers could not arrange finance or procure building materials.[3]

Among the early projects situated in Thamrin Route were Sarinah Section Store, Bank Dagang Negara edifice (now Wisma Mandiri), Ministry of Faith building, Wisma Nusantara, Hotel Indonesia and the prominent Bundaran Hotel Republic of indonesia.[3]
Thamrin Road was largely completed past 1953.[1]

1962 Asian Games expansion

[edit]

View of the southern one-half of Thamrin Road from Hotel Kartika Plaza in the 1970s.

With the arrival of the 1962 Asian Games, President Sukarno imagined the VIP visitors for the Asian Games arriving at Kemayoran Airport, drove forth Thamrin Road, be greeted past the Welcome Monument and stayed at Hotel Indonesia. For the Games itself, the aforementioned VIP visitors would be driven along Sudirman Road over the Semanggi cloverleaf bridge into the newly-opened Gelora Bung Karno sports complex where the competitions would accept place.[4]
For the purpose of the game, both Thamrin and Sudirman Road were widened in the early 1960s.[1]
A regulation was too established which requires buildings forth Thamrin Route to be minimum five-stories-high. This was hard to achieve due to lack of funding and commercial building expertise at that time, and the fact that there were already several two-story authorities buildings along Thamrin Road.[3]

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In the beginning of 1970s, Thamrin Road was already a major thoroughfare of Jakarta as envisaged past Sukarno. Buildings reached a minimum height of five stories due east.g. ICA edifice (subsequently the United Nations), Hotel Asoka, the Australian Embassy, and the state-owned developer Pembangunan Perumahan. Sudirman Road was still relatively devoid of development during the early on 1970s compare with Thamrin Road, with the exception of the Gelora Bung Karno sports circuitous.[5]

Several parades were enacted along the major thoroughfare, including Jakarta’south anniversary parade and Independence 24-hour interval parade.

TransJakarta

[edit]

Upward until the 2000s, Thamrin Road consisted of four carriageways consisting of local-express lanes, 3 lanes for the express lane and 2 lanes for the local lane. With the introduction of TransJakarta BRT in 2004, 1 of the lane of the express lanes was converted into a dedicated lane for the BRT. Eventually, Thamrin Road was made a dual carriageway past removing the separator of the local and express lanes.

Motorcycle

[edit]

The Jakarta assistants in December 2014 introduced a ban on motorcycles from using Jalan Thamrin and the bordering Jalan Medan Merdeka Barat.[six]

The ban was lifted by governor Anies Baswedan in 2018.

Major buildings along Jalan MH Thamrin

[edit]

West East
Bank Indonesia Secretariat of Energy and Mineral Resources Republic of Republic of indonesia
Ministry of Religious Affairs Banking company Rama
Badan Perencanaan dan Penerapan Teknologi (BPPT) Bangkok Bank
Thamrin Tower Mandiri Syariah Depository financial institution
Gedung Jaya Sari Pan Pacific Hotel
Full general Election Supervisory Agency (Bawaslu) Menara Cakrawala
Executive Belfry Sarinah Edifice
Thamrin 9 Embassy of French republic
EX Plaza Plaza BII
Embassy of Japan Wisma Kosgoro
The Kraton Belfry Oil Eye Dki jakarta
The Plaza Tower Plaza Permata
Plaza Indonesia and Grand Hyatt Jakarta Pullman Nikko Hotel
Hotel Indonesia, Yard Indonesia Shopping Boondocks and Kempinski Residence Wisma Nusantara
Menara BCA Embassy of the United kingdom
UOB Plaza Deutsche Bank
Thamrin Nine Towers Hotel Mandarin Oriental
Diplomatic mission of Frg
The City Belfry
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Transportation

[edit]

Jalan Chiliad.H. Thamrin is currently served by Dukuh Atas BNI and Bundaran Hello stations of Dki jakarta MRT. Sudirman station of KRL Commuterline and BNI Metropolis station of Soekarno–Hatta Airport Rail Link are located at the south cease of the road as a office of Dukuh Atas TOD.

There are iv stops for the TransJakarta busway forth Jalan M.H. Thamrin, mainly serving for Route i. They are:

  • Tosari ICBC, close to G Indonesia Shopping Boondocks, in front of UOB Plaza and The Urban center Belfry.
  • Sarinah, in front of Sarinah, Gedung Badan Pengawas Pemilihan Umum and Menara Eksekutif.
  • Bank Indonesia, in front of Bank Indonesia and Indosurya Center.
  • Bundaran Hotel Republic of indonesia, in front of Bundaran How-do-you-do with a passageway linking the finish with Bundaran HI Station.

The road likewise served past many MetroTrans city bus and sightseeing tour double-decker.

See also

[edit]

  • History of Jakarta
  • Sarinah

References

[edit]

  1. ^


    a




    b




    c




    d




    due east




    f



    Merrillees 2015, p. 102.

  2. ^


    “De Armeniërs, een volk waar ik deels van afstam”.
    imexbo.nl. imexbo.nl. Retrieved
    June 21,
    2015
    .


  3. ^


    a




    b




    c



    Merrillees 2015, p. 103.

  4. ^

    Merrillees 2015, p. 99.

  5. ^

    Merrillees 2015, p. 21.

  6. ^


    Folmer (five April 2015). “Urban center Revised Motorcycle Ban Passing Regulation on Jalan Thamrin”. Beritajakarta.id. Retrieved
    iv Baronial
    2017
    .


Works cited

[edit]

  • Berkmoes, R.V.
    et al. ¨Indonesia¨. Lonely Planet, 2010.
  • Merrillees, Scott (2015).
    Djakarta: Portraits of a Upper-case letter 1950-1980. Djakarta: Equinox Publishing. ISBN9786028397308.


Coordinates:



6°11′26″S
106°49′23″Due east


 / 

6.190498°S 106.822924°E
 /
-6.190498; 106.822924






M Par S en Km H

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jalan_M.H._Thamrin

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